Health Information

Anatomy of the Eye

The structures of the eye include the cornea, iris, pupil, macula, retina, and the optic nerve.

Normal Vision

To understand how certain problems can affect your child's vision, it’s important to know how normal vision happens.

Vision Milestones

Detailed information on a child's vision milestones

Eye Care Specialists

An overview of different eye care specialists and what they do, from ophthalmlogists and optometrists to opticians and ocularists.

Types of Visual Screening Tests for Infants and Children

Many types of vision tests can be used to check your child's ability to see. Some of them can be used at any age, and some are used based on your child's age and understanding.

Symptoms of Possible Eye Problems

Symptoms of eye problems in children include crossed eyes, redness in the eyes, squinting, and excessive tearing.

Vision Problems

Eye disorders in children are either refractive or nonrefractive errors. Refractive errors are caused by the shape of the eye. Nonrefractive errors are caused by disease.

Refractive Errors in Children

The most common refractive errors in children are nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism.

Glasses Can Help Even Young Children

Healthcare providers who specialize in children's eye care say children usually become near- or farsighted between ages 6 and 12. But even infants can wear glasses if they need help to see well.

Eyeglasses and Contact Lenses

A child who needs vision correction may wear eyeglasses or contact lenses. Either choice comes in a range of choices.

Preventing Eye Injuries in Children

Children should wear protective eyewear during sports and recreational activities. In the classroom, they should wear eye protection when doing lab experiments.

First Aid for the Eyes

A helpful guide to treating different types of eye injuries.

Cosmetic Safety for Teen Contact Lens Wearers

Cosmetics are among some of the most common sources of problems for contact lens wearers. Misusing cosmetics can lead to severe harmful reactions.