Children's Health and Wellness

Bruising or Black Eye (Ecchymosis)

What is ecchymosis or bruising of the eye?

Ecchymosis, or more commonly known as a “black eye," usually occurs from some type of trauma to the eye, causing the tissue around the eye to become bruised. Your child's doctor will examine the eye closely to make sure there's no damage to the actual eye itself.

What is the treatment for a black eye?

Specific treatment for a black eye will be determined by your child's doctor based on:

  • Your child's age, overall health, and medical history

  • Extent of the injury

  • Your child's tolerance for specific medications, procedures, or therapies

  • Expectations for the course of the injury

  • Your opinion or preference

Most black eyes heal completely and don't cause any damage to the eye. Treatment may include:

  • Cold compresses to the eye for the first 24 hours

  • Warm compresses to the eye after the first 24 hours

  • Continued compresses until the swelling stops

  • Keep the child's head elevated to help decrease the amount of swelling

It's important to know that the swelling and bruise may appear to spread and go down the cheek or to the other eye. This is normal. Consult your child's doctor if the bruising and swelling doesn't resolve on its own.

Online Source: American Academy of Ophthalmologyhttp://www.geteyesmart.org/eyesmart/diseases/black-eye.cfm
Online Source: American Academy of Ophthalmologyhttp://www.geteyesmart.org/eyesmart/diseases/black-eye-symptoms.cfm
Online Source: American Academy of Ophthalmologyhttp://www.geteyesmart.org/eyesmart/diseases/black-eye-treatment.cfm
Online Source: American Academy of Ophthalmologyhttp://www.geteyesmart.org/eyesmart/living/eye-injuries-care-treatment.cfm
Online Source: American Academy of Pediatricshttp://www.healthychildren.org/English/tips-tools/Symptom-Checker/Pages/Eye-Injury.aspx
Online Source: Merck Manualshttp://www.merckmanuals.com/home/injuries_and_poisoning/injuries_to_the_eye/blunt_injuries_to_the_eye.html?qt=&sc=&alt=
Online Editor: Geller, Arlene
Online Medical Reviewer: Bogus, William J., OD, FAAO
Online Medical Reviewer: Grantham, Paula, RN, BSN
Date Last Reviewed: 3/28/2013
© 2000-2014 Krames StayWell, 780 Township Line Road, Yardley, PA 19067. All rights reserved. This information is not intended as a substitute for professional medical care. Always follow your healthcare professional's instructions.