Children's Health and Wellness

Take the PMS Quiz

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) refers to a range of monthly symptoms that starts one to two weeks before a woman's menstrual period. Most women have at least some PMS symptoms. Learn more about PMS by taking this quiz.

1. Which group of women is more likely to develop PMS?You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is One culture may report different symptoms from another culture, but women from all walks of life are affected.A. Those in industrialized countriesB. Those in developing countriesC. Those in the Western hemisphereD. Women of all cultures and socioeconomic backgrounds2. What percentage of menstruating women reports at least one symptom of PMS?You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is But only 5 to 10 percent report symptoms severe enough to interfere with daily life, according to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.A. 25%B. 50%C. 75%D. 85%3. A more severe form of PMS is also known as:You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is usually used as a designation for severe cases of PMS. ("Dysphoric" means the opposite of "euphoric," which is a comfortable, happy feeling.)A. Premenstrual dysphoric disorderB. Menstrual-related mood disorderC. Luteal disorderD. Baby blues4. How many different symptoms have been tied to PMS?You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is Some women have physical changes; others have emotional changes. Not all women have all symptoms, according to the National Women's Health Resource Center. Of the 150 symptoms, these are among the most significant: Physical symptoms include abdominal bloating, headache, weight gain, and breast swelling. Emotional changes include irritability, mood swings, food cravings, and tension. Mental changes include depressive mood, anxiety, lack of concentration, and poor control of impulses.A. 15B. 25C. 100D. 1505. Symptoms of PMS can be confused with:You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is It can also be confused with diabetes, thyroid problems, allergies, and endometriosis, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists says.A. Painful menstrual cramps (dysmenorrhea)B. Fibrocystic breast changesC. DepressionD. All of the above6. Which of these hormones is thought to play a role in PMS?You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is The exact mechanisms that cause PMS aren't yet understood, but serotonin, testosterone (produced in small quantities by the ovaries), and estrogen, plus other hormones and chemicals, may play a role, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists says.A. SerotoninB. TestosteroneC. EstrogenD. All of the above7. What has to occur for the symptoms to be diagnosed as PMS?You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is Symptoms appear after ovulation, about the 14th day of a woman's monthly cycle, and disappear two weeks later, when her period begins, according to the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. In addition, the symptoms must impair the patient's life. Other illnesses, such as depression, must also be ruled out before a diagnosis of PMS can be made. (PMS can co-exist with and may exacerbate other illnesses and conditions, however. Asthma symptoms, for instance, can worsen with PMS.) Typically, a health care provider will ask a patient to keep a diary of symptoms for two to three months before making a diagnosis.A. The woman must have at least five symptoms linked to PMSB. The symptoms must occur only during the second phase of a woman's menstrual cycleC. The symptoms must occur daily or nearly dailyD. The woman must have noted the symptoms for at least a year8. What lifestyle change will ease PMS symptoms?You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is The health care provider may recommend taking calcium, magnesium, and vitamin E to help relieve symptoms. Recent research has indicated that estrogen regulates the levels of calcium and magnesium in the body, so taking additional calcium may help symptoms. Taking magnesium may help with symptoms of fluid retention and breast tenderness. For severe cases of PMS, a doctor may prescribe an antidepressant known as a serotonin selective reuptake inhibitor.A. Regular exerciseB. Diet of complex carbohydrates, including fresh fruits, vegetables and whole grainsC. Nutritional supplementsD. All of the aboveYour score was:
Print Source: Created for Wellness Library/July 2002
Print Source: Epidemiology and pathogenesis of premenstrual syndrome and premenstrual dysphoric disorder, Up to Date
Print Source: Patient information: Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) (Beyond the Basics), Up to Date
Print Source: Patient information: Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) (The Basics), Up to Date
Online Source: Premenstrual Syndrome, American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologistshttp://www.acog.org/~/media/For%20Patients/faq057.pdf?dmc=1&ts=20130228T1443516983
Online Source: Premenstrual Syndrome, National Women's Health Resource Centerhttp://www.healthywomen.org/condition/premenstrual-syndrome
Online Source: Premenstrual Syndrome Fact Sheet, Office on Women's Healthhttp://www.womenshealth.gov/publications/our-publications/fact-sheet/premenstrual-syndrome.html
Author: Benda, Andrea
Author: Sinovic, Dianna
Online Editor: Sinovic, Dianna
Online Medical Reviewer: Freeborn, Donna, PhD, CNM, FNP
Online Medical Reviewer: Grantham, Paula, RN, BSN
Date Last Reviewed: 1/31/2013