Children's Health and Wellness

The Calcium Quiz

Test your knowledge of the importance of calcium by taking this quiz.

1. Calcium plays the following roles in your body:You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is Calcium is important to your body in many ways—from your bones to your heart to your nerves, muscles, and blood.A. Develops and maintains strong bones and teethB. Helps maintain normal heart rhythmC. Enables muscles to workD. Transmits nerve impulsesE. Aids in blood clottingF. All of the above2. Calcium is important only for adult women.You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is Calcium is essential for men and women of all ages -- infants, children, teens and adults. Everyone needs calcium, before birth and throughout life. Children and teenagers need calcium to develop strong bones and teeth; adults need it to maintain a strong skeleton.A. TrueB. False3. If you don't get enough calcium in your diet, your body will take the calcium it needs from your bones.You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is Your body takes calcium from the foods you eat, but if you’re not getting enough calcium, your body will withdraw the mineral from your bones.A. TrueB. False4. Everyone needs the same amount of calcium.You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is The Dietary Reference intakes recommended by the National Academy of Sciences vary with age and gender. Infants and toddlers (1 to 3 years) need 700 milligrams per day; children 4 to 8 years need 1,000 milligrams per day; older children and teens (9 to 18 years) need 1,300 milligrams per day; adults ages 19 to 50 need 1,000 milligrams per day; and older adults (51 and older) need 1,200 milligrams per day. Also, pregnant and nursing mothers under the age of 19 will need 1,300 milligrams per day; pregnant and nursing mothers 19 and older need 1,000 milligrams per day. Adequate amounts of vitamin D are required for your body to absorb calcium from food.A. TrueB. False5. The critical time for calcium consumption in your life is age:You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is During these years, nearly half of adult bone mass is formed. According to the National Academy of Sciences, adolescents in this age group need 1,300 milligrams of calcium each day.A. 1-4 yearsB. 5-10 yearsC. 9-18 yearsD. 50 and older6. A good exercise for building strong bones is:You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is Walking, jogging, and aerobic dance are good for building strong bones because they are considered weight-bearing exercises. Swimming and bicycling are good for your cardiovascular health, but are not weight-bearing exercises.A. SwimmingB. JoggingC. Bicycling7. Calcium is present in the following foods:You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is You can find calcium in many foods, not just dairy products like milk, cheese, and yogurt. Green, leafy vegetables such as broccoli and collard greens are good sources of calcium. Tofu made with calcium sulfate is also a good source, as are canned sardines and salmon, if the soft bones are eaten.A. BroccoliB. AlmondsC. Dairy productsD. SardinesE. All of the above8. Bone density typically peaks when you are:You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is You can minimize bone loss that occurs after this age by getting adequate calcium and vitamin D, by exercising, and by avoiding tobacco and excessive alcohol use.A. 18 years oldB. 25 years oldC. 30 years oldD. Between 30 and 35 years old9. The strength of your adult bones is largely determined by the amount of calcium you consumed before age 18.You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is That’s why it’s important that children get enough calcium, particularly between the ages of 9 and 18.A. TrueB. False10. Your bone mass and skeleton become more fragile as you age.You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is But you can take steps to cut back on the loss of bone mass by getting enough calcium in your diet and by incorporating weight-bearing exercise into your lifestyle.A. TrueB. FalseYour score was:
Print Source: Created for Wellness Library
Online Source: Institute of Medicinehttp://www.iom.edu/~/media/files/report%20files/2010/dietary-reference-intakes-for-calcium-and-vitamin-d/vitamin%20d%20and%20calcium%202010%20report%20brief.pdf
Online Source: Office of Dietary Supplementshttp://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Calcium-HealthProfessional/
Online Source: Academy of Nutrition and Dieteticshttp://www.eatright.org/Public/content.aspx?id=6794&terms=calcium#.ULJJqWcajIQ
Author: Sinovic, Dianna
Online Editor: Sinovic, Dianna
Online Medical Reviewer: Poulson, Brittany, RD
Date Last Reviewed: 11/20/2012