Children's Health and Wellness

The Calcium Quiz

Test your knowledge of the importance of calcium by taking this quiz.

1. Calcium does which of these things in your body:You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is Calcium is important to your body in many ways. It helps your bones, heart, nerves, muscles, and blood.A. Develops strong bones and teeth and keeps them healthyB. Helps you keep a normal heart rhythmC. Helps your muscles do workD. Sends nerve impulsesE. Helps your blood clotF. All of the above2. Calcium is important only for adult women.You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is Calcium is important for both men and women. It is also important for infants, children, and teens. Everyone needs calcium, before birth and throughout life. Children and teenagers need calcium to develop strong bones and teeth. Adults need it to have a strong skeleton.A. TrueB. False3. If you don't get enough calcium in your diet, your body will take the calcium it needs from your bones.You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is Your body takes calcium from the foods you eat. If you’re not getting enough calcium, your body will take the mineral from your bones.A. TrueB. False4. Everyone needs the same amount of calcium.You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is

The amount you need depends on your age and gender. The National Academy of Sciences offers these guidelines for calcium:

  • Infants and toddlers ages 1 to 3 years need 700 mg each day
  • Children ages 4 to 8 years need 1,000 mg each day
  • Older children and teens ages 9 to 18 years need 1,300 mg each day
  • Adults ages 19 to 50 need 1,000 mf each day
  • Older adults ages 51 and older) need 1,200 mg each day

Pregnant and nursing mothers younger than 19 need 1,300 mg each day. Pregnant and nursing mothers ages 19 and older need 1,000 mg each day. You also need vitamin D to help your body absorb calcium from food.

A. TrueB. False5. The most important time of life to get enough calcium is when you are:You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is During these years nearly half of adult bone mass is formed. Adolescents in this age group need 1,300 mg of calcium each day.A. 1-4 yearsB. 5-10 yearsC. 9-18 yearsD. 50 and older6. A good exercise for building strong bones is:You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is Walking, jogging, and aerobic dance are good for building strong bones because they are weight-bearing exercises. Swimming and bicycling are good for your cardiovascular health, but they are not weight-bearing exercises.A. SwimmingB. JoggingC. Bicycling7. Calcium is found in which of these foods?You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is You can find calcium in many foods, not just dairy products like milk, cheese, and yogurt. Leafy green vegetables such as broccoli and collard greens are good sources of calcium. Tofu made with calcium sulfate is also a good source. Other good sources are canned sardines and salmon, if you eat the soft bones.A. BroccoliB. AlmondsC. Dairy productsD. SardinesE. All of the above8. Bone density usually is at its highest when you are:You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is You can help keep bone loss to a minimum after this age by getting enough calcium and vitamin D. You can also keep your bones strong by exercising and by not smoking and not drinking too much alcohol.A. 18 years oldB. 25 years oldC. 30 years oldD. Between 30 and 35 years old9. The strength of your adult bones mostly depends on how much calcium you consumed before age 18.You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is That’s why it’s important that children get enough calcium, particularly between the ages of 9 and 18.A. TrueB. False10. Your bone mass and skeleton become weaker as you age.You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is But you can take steps to cut back on the loss of bone mass by getting enough calcium in your diet. You should also do weight-bearing exercise.A. TrueB. FalseYour score was:
Online Source: Office of Dietary Supplementshttp://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Calcium-HealthProfessional/
Online Source: What is calcium? Academy of Nutrition and Dieteticshttp://www.eatright.org/resource/food/vitamins-and-supplements/types-of-vitamins-and-nutrients/calcium
Online Source: Institute of Medicinehttp://www.iom.edu/~/media/files/report%20files/2010/dietary-reference-intakes-for-calcium-and-vitamin-d/vitamin%20d%20and%20calcium%202010%20report%20brief.pdf
Author: Sinovic, Dianna
Online Editor: Sinovic, Dianna
Online Medical Reviewer: Pierce-Smith, Daphne, RN, MSN, CCRC
Online Medical Reviewer: Poulson, Brittany, RD
Date Last Reviewed: 3/17/2015