Children's Health and Wellness

What Do You Know About HIV/AIDS?

According to the CDC, more than 1.1 million Americans are infected with HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. One in 8 of these people doesn't know he or she is infected. The CDC also estimates that about 2 out of 5 sexually active people ages 13 to 24 have HIV but don't know it. Find out more about HIV and AIDS by taking this quiz, based on information from the CDC.

1. When was HIV first recognized in the U.S.?
A. 1970B. 1975C. 1981D. 1986
2. Which of these is a symptom of HIV infection?
A. Swollen lymph nodesB. FeverC. TirednessD. All of the above
3. A person has AIDS when which of these occurs?
A. Exposure to HIVB. HIV antibodies are found in the bloodC. The CD4+ count is lower than 200 or opportunistic infections develop in an HIV-infected personD. A person has HIV for 5 years
4. What does HIV-positive mean?
A. Either antibodies against HIV or the virus particles themselves are present in the bloodB. You have been tested for HIVC. Your white cell count is highD. You have been informed about HIV
5. HIV attacks a certain kind of cell in the immune system. Which is it?
A. Red blood cellsB. White blood cells called T cellsC. PlateletsD. Epithelial cells
6. What is the white cell count at which AIDS is considered to have developed?
A. Below 1,000 per cubic milliliterB. Below 500 per cubic milliliterC. Below 200 per cubic milliliterD. Below 50 per cubic milliliter
7. The risk for AIDS is tied to behaviors. Which of these behaviors can put you at risk?
A. Spending time with someone who has AIDSB. Not wearing latex condoms during sexC. Injecting drugsD. B and C
8. Why is a combination of medicines—called a cocktail—used to treat HIV?
A. The virus changes (mutates) rapidlyB. Each person responds to each medicine differentlyC. Combining medicines triples their strengthD. A and B
9. What is the best way to protect yourself against HIV?
A. Get yourself vaccinated for HIVB. Use birth control pillsC. Use a latex condom during sexual intercourseD. B and C
Print Source: Created for Vitality magazine
Online Source: CD4, U.S. Department of Health and Human Serviceshttp://aids.gov/hiv-aids-basics/just-diagnosed-with-hiv-aids/understand-your-test-results/cd4-count/
Online Source: Primary Care Guidelines for the Management of Persons Infected With HIV: 2013 Update by the HIV Medicine Association of the Infectious Diseases Society of America, Infectious Disease Society of Americahttp://cid.oxfordjournals.org/content/58/1/e1.full
Online Source: CD4 Cell Tests, aidsinfonet.orghttp://www.aidsinfonet.org/fact_sheets/view/124
Online Source: HIV in the United States, CDChttp://www.cdc.gov/hiv/statistics/basics/ataglance.html
Online Source: Final Recommendation Statement Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infection: Screening, U.S. Preventive Services Task Forcehttps://www.uspreventiveservicestaskforce.org/Page/Document/RecommendationStatementFinal/human-immunodeficiency-virus-hiv-infection-screening#consider
Author: Floria, Barbara
Online Editor: Sinovic, Dianna
Online Medical Reviewer: Fraser, Marianne, MSN, RN
Online Medical Reviewer: Lentnek, Arnold, MD, FACP
Date Last Reviewed: 10/1/2016