Children's Health and Wellness

What Do You Know About Burns?

Burns can occur anytime of year, but the summertime can hold special hazards because many of us are outdoors doing yard work, grilling, or boating. Learn more about burns by taking the following quiz.

1. Which of these facts is true about burns?You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is To prevent scalds from hot water, check your water heater setting to see that it is set at 120 degrees, the recommended temperature. At that temperature, it takes five minutes for a serious burn to occur, according to the American Burn Association (ABA). At higher temperatures, burns occur more quickly: At 140 degrees, for instance, it takes only five seconds for a serious burn to occur. And at 160 to 180 degrees—the temperature at which coffee and tea are served—the burn can be instantaneous. Infants, young children, and older adults are more vulnerable to burns because their skin is thinner.A. You can prevent burns by setting your water heater at 120 degreesB. Burns are the second leading cause of death in children ages 1 to 5C. Infants and young children are more vulnerable to scald injuriesD. A and C2. What are the main causes of death among people who initially survive a severe burn?You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is Your skin protects your body from infection, stabilizes your body temperature, and prevents fluid loss. Your body is highly vulnerable when the skin is injured or lost.A. FeverB. Bacterial infectionsC. Severe dehydrationD. B and C3. Which of these population groups has the highest risk for burns?You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is Men are twice as likely to be burned as women. In part, this is because men more often work with flammable substances like gasoline. Most gasoline-related burns and deaths occur in males under age 45. And most of these accidents occur in the summer months, when people are outdoors doing yard work, farming, or boating, according to the ABA.A. 60- to 65-year-oldsB. 18- to 35-year-oldsC. 24 months or youngerD. All of the above4. Burns are classified by degrees from first to third. Which of these describes a third-degree burn?You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is A first-degree, or superficial, burn, although painful, causes only minor skin damage, usually heals in three to five days, and leaves no scar. Skin with a first-degree (superficial) burn is dry with no blisters. Sunburn or a minor scald is an example of a first-degree (superficial) burn. A second-degree, or partial thickness, burn is more painful; it damages but does not destroy the top two layers of skin, and heals in 10 to 21 days, according to the ABA. The skin is moist, wet and weepy, with blisters present. It is swollen and bright pink to cherry red in color. A third-degree, or full thickness, burn, the most severe, destroys all three layers of skin, and can involve fat, muscle, and bone. Skin grafts are required to treat this kind of burn. A person with a third-degree burn cannot feel anything in the burned area because the nerves are destroyed.A. Burned area is larger than five inches acrossB. Burned area is on the faceC. Burned area covers 10 percent of the bodyD. Burn extends through all the skin layers and tissue5. You should seek medical help immediately if a second-degree (partial thickness) burn is larger than 3 inches in diameter, or if the burn is located on certain areas of the body. Which parts of the body can be critical?You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is Swelling and blisters accompany second-degree (partial thickness) burns. Don't break the blisters and don't apply ice. Remove all clothing, jewelry, and metal around the burned area. Run cool, but not cold, water over the burned area for several minutes. Do not put ointment or cream on the burned area. Do not break any blisters that form unless the doctor tells you to do so. Cover the burned area with a clean, dry cloth.A. HandsB. FeetC. Any major jointD. All of the above6. Electrical burns can be caused by household current, certain batteries, and lightning. What should be done first after a person experiences an electrical burn?You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is Find the source of the current and shut it off, or remove it by using a material that won't conduct electricity, such as wood, plastic, or cardboard.A. Put ice on the area of contactB. Cover the burned area with a blanketC. Be sure the person is not in contact with the electrical sourceD. None of the above7. In the case of a chemical burn to the skin, how should the affected area be treated?You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is Chemical burns can be caused by exposure to household cleaners, lawn and garden products, fresh cement, or other chemicals, according to the ABA.A. Wash the area with soapB. Flush the area for at least 20 minutes with cool, running waterC. Apply an ointment or butterD. Cool the area with ice8. How should the eye be treated if a chemical splashes into it?You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is You should continue to flush the eye until medical help arrives.A. Let the eye tear to wash the chemical outB. Cover the eye with a loose, moist dressingC. Use milk to flush the eyeD. Flush the eye with clean drinking water9. Which is a common cause of a gasoline burn?You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is Gasoline should never be used as a cleaning fluid or solvent, according to the ABA. It should never be stored indoors or used indoors or near heat or flame. When storing gasoline, use an approved safety container. When you refill the container, set the container on concrete or asphalt, NOT in a vehicle or in the bed of a pickup truck, because of the danger of static electricity. A static spark can ignite the gasoline fumes.A. Starting a fire with gasolineB. Allowing gasoline fumes to come in contact with an open flameC. Priming a carburetorD. Repairing a boat with a gasoline-powered motorE. All of the aboveYour score was:
Print Source: Created for Vitality magazine
Online Source: Electrical Safety, American Burn Associationhttp://www.ameriburn.org/Preven/ElectricalSafetyEducator%27sGuide.pdf
Online Source: Gasoline Safety, American Burn Associationhttp://www.ameriburn.org/Preven/GasolineSafetyEducator%27sGuide.pdf
Online Source: Scald Injury Prevention, American Burn Associationhttp://www.ameriburn.org/Preven/ScaldInjuryEducator%27sGuide.pdf
Online Source: Summer Burn Safety, American Burn Associationhttp://www.ameriburn.org/Preven/SummerSafetyEducator%27sGuide.pdf
Author: Floria, Barbara
Online Editor: Sinovic, Dianna
Online Medical Reviewer: Bass, Pat F III, MD, MPH
Online Medical Reviewer: newMentor board-certified, academically affiliated clinician
Date Last Reviewed: 5/26/2013