What Do You Know About Burns?
Burns can occur anytime of year, but the summertime can hold special hazards because many of us are outdoors doing yard work, grilling, or boating. Learn more about burns by taking the following quiz.
1. Which of these facts is true about burns?
A. You can prevent burns by setting your water heater at 120 degreesB. Burns are the second leading cause of death in children ages 1 to 5C. Infants and young children are more vulnerable to scald injuriesD. A and C
2. What are the main causes of death among people who initially survive a severe burn?
A. FeverB. Bacterial infectionsC. Severe dehydrationD. B and C
3. Which of these population groups has the highest risk for burns?
A. 60- to 65-year-oldsB. 18- to 35-year-oldsC. 24 months or youngerD. All of the above
4. Burns are classified by degrees from first to third. Which of these describes a third-degree burn?
A. Burned area is larger than 5 inches acrossB. Burned area is on the faceC. Burned area covers 10% of the bodyD. Burn extends through all the skin layers and tissue
5. You should seek medical help right away if a second-degree (partial thickness) burn is larger than 3 inches in diameter, or if the burn is on certain areas of the body. Which parts of the body can be critical?
A. HandsB. FeetC. Any major jointD. All of the above
6. Electrical burns can be caused by household current, certain batteries, and lightning. What should be done first after a person has an electrical burn?
A. Put ice on the area of contactB. Cover the burned area with a blanketC. Be sure the person is not in contact with the electrical sourceD. None of the above
7. In the case of a chemical burn to the skin, how should the affected area be treated?
A. Wash the area with soapB. Flush the area for at least 20 minutes with cool, running waterC. Apply an ointment or butterD. Cool the area with ice
8. How should the eye be treated if a chemical splashes into it?
A. Let the eye tear to wash the chemical outB. Cover the eye with a loose, moist dressingC. Use milk to flush the eyeD. Flush the eye with clean drinking water
9. Which is a common cause of a gasoline burn?
A. Starting a fire with gasolineB. Allowing gasoline fumes to come in contact with an open flameC. Priming a carburetorD. Repairing a boat with a gasoline-powered motorE. All of the above
Print Source: Burns: learning from the past in order to be fit for the future. Kamolz LP. Critical Care. 2010;14(106):1-2.
Print Source: Classification of burns. UpToDate.
Print Source: Created for Vitality magazine
Print Source: Treatment of minor thermal burns. UpToDate.
Online Source: Burn incidence fact sheet 2016, American Burn Associationhttp://ameriburn.org/who-we-are/media/burn-incidence-fact-sheet/?PHPSESSID=6bf82e1c43e670eeb9f25874b721236b
Online Source: It can happen in a flash, Federation of Burn Foundationshttp://flashsplash.org/facts/
Online Source: Safety facts on scald burns, Burn Foundationhttp://www.burnfoundation.org/programs/resource.cfm?c=1&a=3
Online Source: Gasoline at home, National Fire Protection Associationhttp://www.nfpa.org/public-education/by-topic/safety-in-the-home/gasoline-and-propane/gasoline-at-home
Online Source: Treating burns, National Safety Councilhttp://www.nsc.org/NSCDocuments_Advocacy/Fact%20Sheets/Treating-Burns.pdf
Online Source: Burn triage and treatment-thermal injuries, Chemical Hazards Emergency Medical Managementhttps://chemm.nlm.nih.gov/burns.htm
Online Source: Burn treatment and prevention tips for families, American Academy of Pediatricshttps://www.healthychildren.org/English/health-issues/injuries-emergencies/Pages/Treating-and-Preventing-Burns.aspx
Online Source: First aid for burns: Parent FAQs, American Academy of Pediatricshttps://www.healthychildren.org/English/safety-prevention/all-around/Pages/First-Aid-For-Burns.aspx
Author: Floria, Barbara
Online Editor: Sinovic, Dianna
Online Medical Reviewer: Finke, Amy, RN, BSN
Online Medical Reviewer: Perez, Eric, MD
Date Last Reviewed: 5/1/2017
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