Children's Health and Wellness

What Do You Know About Acne?

Eighty percent of Americans between ages 11 and 30 have at least one outbreak of acne, making it the most common skin disease in this country, according to the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS). Test your knowledge of acne by taking this multiple-choice quiz.

1. Acne is a disease that affects which of these?You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is Glands at the base of hair follicles produce oil that travels up the hair shaft. Oil trapped inside follicles causes acne.A. EpidermisB. EndodermisC. Hair folliclesD. Hair shaft2. Which of these is the most common area for acne to occur?You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is Acne also commonly occurs on the chest.A. FaceB. BackC. ShouldersD. All of the above3. Which of these factors causes acne?You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is Hormones, your genes, greasy makeup, and certain medications are more likely to cause blemishes, not hygiene or diet. Dirty skin, eating pizza, and chocolate do not cause pimples. Stress can worsen acne, although it doesn’t cause acne to develop.A. Poor hygieneB. Poor dietC. Dirty skinD. None of the above4. Which of these factors promotes blackheads?You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is Dead skin cells are shed rapidly inside the follicles during adolescence. The dead cells mix with oil in the glands and block follicles, causing blackheads or pimples.A. BacteriaB. ChocolateC. Clogged folliclesD. Dirty skin5. Which of these hormones stimulates acne in people between ages 11 and 14?You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is Androgen causes the oil glands at the base of follicles to enlarge and produce more sebum. Glands overstimulated by the hormone are more likely to develop acne.A. AndrogenB. EstrogenC. EndorphinD. Norepinephrine6. Acne can be effectively treated with which of the following?You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is Dermatologists have several aims in treating acne: They want to heal the existing acne, stop new lesions from forming, prevent scarring, and ease the stress and embarrassment that acne can cause.A. Topical skin cleansersB. Oral antibioticsC. Oral vitamin A derivativesD. All of the above7. Some cosmetics and toiletries aggravate acne. What kind of cosmetic is least likely to do so?You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is You should make sure all of your makeup, from eye shadow to hair care products, is oil-free. Choose products that are labeled noncomedogenic.A. Noncomedogenic (or oil-free)B. Lip products with moisturizersC. Gel hair productsD. None of the above8. How does exposure to sunlight affect acne?You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is When your skin is exposed to the sun, it can become dry and irritated. This can trigger your skin to produce more oil. Sun exposure also increases the risk of acne scaring. Many acne treatments also make the skin vulnerable to UV damage. You should avoid spending a long time in the sun. When you do have to be in the sun, be sure to use noncomedogenic sunscreen.A. Clears skinB. Increases oil productionC. Makes scars less visibleD. All of the aboveYour score was:
Print Source: A systematic review of the evidence for ‘myths and misconceptions’ in acne management: diet, face-washing and sunlight. Magin P. Family Practice. 2005; 22; pp. 62-70.
Print Source: Created for Vitality magazine
Print Source: Pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, and diagnosis of acne vulgaris. Up to Date.
Online Source: Merck Manuals Online Libraryhttp://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/sec10/ch111/ch111b.html
Online Source: Who Gets Acne? National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseaseshttp://www.niams.nih.gov/health_info/Acne/acne_ff.asp#b
Online Source: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseaseshttp://www.niams.nih.gov/health_info/acne/default.asp
Author: Floria, Barbara
Online Editor: Sinovic, Dianna
Online Medical Reviewer: Jones, Niya, MD
Online Medical Reviewer: Petersen, Sheralee, MPAS, PA-C
Date Last Reviewed: 1/17/2013