Children's Health and Wellness

Take the Breastfeeding Quiz

Breastfeeding offers a range of benefits for your and your child. Do you know what they are?

1. Breastfed children are less likely to have:You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is The antibodies found in breast milk can help protect a child from certain diseases and infections. Children who are breastfed also are less likely to develop allergies. Breastfeeding for at least 6 months also helps protect against sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Recent research by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development also suggests that two amino acids found in breast milk (but not in formula) help an infant's brain develop.A. Diarrhea B. Ear infections C. Pneumonia D. All of the above 2. Besides protecting your child against disease, what is another advantage of breastfeeding?You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is Breastfeeding also helps mother and baby bond, because of the close physical contact involved.A. Breast milk is easier to digest than formula B. Breast milk doesn't need to be prepared C. Breast milk is free and readily available D. All of the above 3. How does breastfeeding help the mother?You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is Breastfeeding helps the uterus contract after delivery. It also cuts the risk for breast cancer in women who have not gone through menopause. Although a woman loses some bone when first breastfeeding (because breast milk contains calcium), breastfeeding does not increase the risk for osteoporosis. With a proper diet, your bone density recovers after you stop breastfeeding. Overall, the longer you breastfeed, the better it is for both you and your child. Women should continue breastfeeding for at least 6 months. A year or more is even better. If you stop breastfeeding before your child is a year old, give your child iron-fortified formula, not cow's milk, the NICHD says. You shouldn't give your child cow's milk until he or she is at least a year old.A. Breastfeeding helps you get back to your normal weight B. Breastfeeding reduces your risk for ovarian cancer C. Breastfeeding increases bone strength D. A and B 4. Although breastfeeding is natural, you may need help at first. Who can help you learn what to do?You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is Before your baby is born, talk with your health care provider about breastfeeding. It is best to start breastfeeding within the first hour after birth. Also ask that you and your baby stay together in the hospital as much as possible. This will help you get a good start on breastfeeding. Many hospitals have lactation consultants on hand to help new mothers with breastfeeding. Check with your hospital for the name of a breastfeeding group in your area. Often these groups provide counseling and support for new mothers at no charge.A. A lactation consultant at the hospital where you deliver your child B. Your pediatrician C. A breastfeeding counselor D. All of the above 5. Which hormone makes your body produce milk?You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is Prolactin stimulates mammary glands in the breast to produce milk. Oxytocin stimulates the breast to release milk.A. Estrogen B. Prolactin C. Progesterone D. Insulin 6. The milk produced by the body in the first days after birth has a certain name. What is it?You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is This first milk is yellow or orange in color. It contains a lot of nutrients and antibodies to help the newborn. Mature milk usually "comes in" several days later. This later milk is slightly thinner and white. As you continue to breastfeed, the milk changes to meet the needs of a growing baby.A. Lactose B. Acidophilus C. Colostrum D. None of the above 7. How often does a breastfed baby eat?You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is This is more often than formula-fed babies eat, because breast milk is digested more quickly than formula. Babies should be fed when they are hungry—-about every two hours. A baby who is hungry may cry, nuzzle the breast, root, or put hand to mouth to show his or her hunger.A. Three times a day B. Six times a day C. Eight to 12 times a day D. Twenty times a day 8. How can you tell if your baby is getting enough milk when breastfeeding?You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is A steady weight gain is most important. Having frequent wet diapers is next most important. The urine in the diapers should be pale yellow, not deep yellow or orange. Stools should be loose and yellow-colored. When you are breastfeeding, listen for gulping sounds so that you know your baby is actually swallowing milk. The baby's jaw should move in a slow, steady manner as he or she sucks and swallows. If you baby is getting enough milk, he or she will be sleeping well, but look alert and healthy when awake.A. Your baby has at least six wet diapers a day B. Your baby has several bowel movements each day C. Your baby steadily gains weight D. All of the above 9. How many extra calories a day should you get when breastfeeding?You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is You should eat a balanced diet that includes plenty of calcium. You should have five servings of milk or dairy products each day to give you the extra calcium you need. If you don't eat meat or dairy products, your calcium should come from tofu, canned sardines, or salmon with bones (if you eat fish), or corn tortillas prepared with lime. Other foods that contain high amounts of calcium include soybeans, turnip greens, almonds, and hazelnuts. Also make sure to drink plenty of water and other noncaffeinated beverages.A. 100 B. 200 C. 500 D. 1,000 10. Which of these medications should you avoid while breastfeeding?You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is Many medications are safe to take while you are breastfeeding, but check with your health care provider before you take any medication or herbal product. (Some medications are safe after your baby is breastfeeding well. Others are safe when the baby is not a newborn.) Avoid drinking alcohol while breastfeeding. Don't smoke around your child.A. Birth control pills B. Cold remedies C. Pain relievers D. All of the above if you haven't checked with your health care provider 11. Breastfeeding is not recommended for mothers who have:You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is A woman with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) should not breastfeed because she may give the infection to her child, the AAP says. A woman who is infected with the hepatitis C virus (HCV) may breastfeed her baby. There is no evidence that breastfeeding spreads HCV. It may be possible to spread HCV through breastfeeding if the mother’s nipples are cracked or bleeding. A woman with tuberculosis may breastfeed as long she has received treatment. A woman with diabetes may also be able to breastfeed but may need to pay more attention to diet to make sure her blood sugar levels don't drop. Talk with your health care provider if you have questions about whether you should breastfeed. A. Hepatitis C B. Tuberculosis that has been treated C. Diabetes D. HIV Your score was:
Print Source: Created for Wellness Library
Print Source: Maternal Nutrition During Lactation. Up to Date.
Print Source: SIDS and Other Sleep-Related Infant Deaths: Expansion of Recommendations for a Safe Infant Sleeping Environment. ask Force on Sudden Infant Death Syndrome. Pediatrics. 2011;128(5):1029-39.
Online Source: Hepatitis B and C Infections, CDChttp://
Online Source: Breastfeeding, Office on Women's Health
Online Source: Your Guide to Breastfeeding, Office on Women's Health
Author: Sinovic, Dianna
Online Editor: Sinovic, Dianna
Online Medical Reviewer: Grantham, Paula, RN, BSN
Online Medical Reviewer: newMentor board-certified, academically affiliated clinician
Date Last Reviewed: 5/30/2013