What Do You Know About HIV/AIDS?
According to the CDC, more than 1.1 million Americans are infected with HIV, the virus that causes AIDS. Find out more about HIV and AIDS by taking this quiz, based on information from the CDC.
1. When was HIV first recognized in the United States?
A. 1970B. 1975C. 1981D. 1986
2. Which of these is a symptom of HIV infection?
A. Swollen lymph nodesB. FeverC. TirednessD. All of the above
3. A person is considered to have AIDS when which of these occurs?
A. Exposure to HIVB. HIV antibodies are detected in the bloodC. The CD4+ count is lower than 200 or opportunistic infections develop in an HIV-infected personD. A person has HIV for five years
4. What does HIV-positive mean?
A. Either antibodies against HIV or the virus particles themselves are present in the bloodB. You have been tested for HIVC. Your white cell count is highD. You have been informed about HIV
5. HIV attacks a specific kind of cell in the immune system. Which is it?
A. Red blood cellsB. White blood cells called T cellsC. PlateletsD. Epithelial cells
6. What is the white cell count at which AIDS is considered to have developed?
A. Below 1,000 per cubic milliliterB. Below 500 per cubic milliliterC. Below 200 per cubic milliliterD. Below 50 per cubic milliliter
7. The risk for AIDS is attributed to behaviors. Which of these behaviors can put you at risk?
A. Spending time with someone who has AIDSB. Not wearing latex condoms during sexC. Injecting drugsD. B and C
8. Why is a combination of drugs-—called a cocktail-—used to treat HIV?
A. The virus mutates rapidlyB. Each individual responds to each medication differentlyC. Combining medications triples their strengthD. A and B
9. What is the best way to protect yourself against HIV?
A. Get yourself vaccinated for HIVB. Use oral contraceptivesC. Use a latex condom during sexual intercourseD. B and C
Print Source: Created for Vitality magazine
Online Source: CD4, U.S. Department of Health and Human Serviceshttp://aids.gov/hiv-aids-basics/just-diagnosed-with-hiv-aids/understand-your-test-results/cd4-count/
Online Source: CD4 Cell Tests, aidsinfonet.orghttp://www.aidsinfonet.org/fact_sheets/view/124
Online Source: Effects of antiretroviral therapy on risk of sexual transmission of HIV, CDChttp://www.cdc.gov/hiv/prevention/research/art/
Online Source: HIV in the United States, CDChttp://www.cdc.gov/hiv/statistics/basics/ataglance.html
Online Source: Basic information about HIV and AIDS, CDChttp://www.cdc.gov/hiv/topics/basic/index.htm
Online Source: Questions and Answers on the Use of HIV Medications to Help Prevent the Transmission of HIV, CDChttp://www.cdc.gov/hiv/topics/treatment/resources/qa/art.htm
Author: Floria, Barbara
Online Editor: Sinovic, Dianna
Online Medical Reviewer: MMI board-certified, academically affiliated clinician
Online Medical Reviewer: Trevino, Heather M, BSN, RNC
Date Last Reviewed: 8/22/2014
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