Children's Health and Wellness

Diabetes: Test Your Knowledge

If you have diabetes, taking steps right away to control it will help you avoid complications that may come up later. This multiple-choice quiz, based on information from the American Diabetes Association, will help you with important answers now.

1. Diabetes happens because of which of these?You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is When you have diabetes, your body can't use blood sugar properly. Blood sugar is also called blood glucoseA. Your liver doesn't make enough blood sugar B. Your muscles use too much blood sugar C. Your body can't use blood sugar the way it should D. Your body makes more insulin than it needs 2. Two of the main types of diabetes are type 1 and type 2. How many people with diabetes have type 2?You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is Many people with the disease don't know they have it. It most often develops in middle-aged, obese adults, although younger people, even children, can develop it.A. 10% to 15% B. 30% to 35% C. 45% to 50% D. 90% to 95% 3. A certain gland or organ doesn't work right in a person who has diabetes. Which gland or organ is it?You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is The pancreas makes insulin.A. Pituitary gland B. Pancreas C. Adrenal glands D. Kidneys 4. Why is insulin important for your body to use blood sugar?You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is Insulin is a hormone made by the pancreas. Insulin circulates in your bloodstream. Insulin unlocks the "cell door," allowing blood sugar to move from the bloodstream into your cells. Your cells use the blood sugar for energy production. A. It helps blood sugar enter your cells B. It lowers your blood pressure C. It raises your cholesterol levels D. It keeps your sucrose levels normal 5. Keeping your diabetes under control early on will help you avoid complications that may come up later. People with diabetes are at increased risk of developing which of these?You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is People with diabetes are more likely to develop heart disease and nerve damage than people who don't have diabetes.A. Heart disease B. Cancer C. Nerve damage D. A and C 6. Why are a healthy diet and regular exercise so important if you have diabetes?You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is For daily management of diabetes, eating raises your blood sugar and exercising lowers it. Each must be done carefully to balance blood sugar levels. Over the years, a balance between eating and exercise keeps you from gaining weight. Extra weight can make it more difficult to keep your diabetes under control.A. They keep depression at bay B. Eating raises blood sugar; exercise lowers it C. Being overweight can be dangerous for people with diabetes D. B and C 7. Type 1 diabetes happens when your insulin-producing cells called beta cells in the pancreas are destroyed. What destroys them?You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is Your immune system works to fight off infections. In type 1 diabetes, the immune system destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. Doctors don't know why this happens. A person's genes are one of many possible factors.A. Your immune system B. Toxins in your environment C. Free radicals D. Bacteria 8. A diabetic condition can develop as a side effect of some drugs. Which of these can cause raise blood sugar?You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is Steroid medications like prednisone can raise blood sugar. This diabetic condition can be reversed when a person no longer takes the medication.A. Ibuprofen B. Antidepressants C. Thyroid medicines D. Oral steroid medicines 9. Which ethnic groups are most likely to develop type 2 diabetes?You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is According to the CDC, African-Americans, Hispanic/Latino Americans, American Indians, and some Asian Americans and Native Hawaiians or other Pacific Islanders are at particularly high risk for type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes is increasingly being diagnosed in children and teens.A. Latinos B. African-Americans C. Caucasians D. A and B Your score was:
Print Source: Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes - 2013. American Diabetes Association. Diabetes Care. 2013; 36:s11-s66.
Online Source: What are the types of diabetes? National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseaseshttp://diabetes.niddk.nih.gov/dm/pubs/overview/index.aspx#types
Online Source: National Diabetes Education Program. The Facts About Diabetes: A Leading Cause of Death in the UShttp://ndep.nih.gov/diabetes-facts/index.aspx#whatisdiabetes
Online Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2011 National Diabetes Fact Sheethttp://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/pubs/factsheet11.htm
Online Editor: Sinovic, Dianna
Online Medical Reviewer: Grantham, Paula, RN, BSN
Online Medical Reviewer: MMI board-certified, academically affiliated clinician
Date Last Reviewed: 2/5/2014