Children's Health and Wellness

Take the West Nile Virus Quiz

When dealing with West Nile virus, prevention is your best bet. Protecting yourself against mosquito bites reduces your risk of getting this disease, along with other diseases that mosquitoes can carry.

1. West Nile virus belongs to a group of viruses known as flaviviruses. How are these viruses spread?You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is Other flaviviruses carried and spread by mosquitoes include those that cause yellow fever, Japanese encephalitis, St. Louis encephalitis, and dengue. The West Nile virus was first discovered in the United States in 1999, although it was originally isolated in Uganda in 1937. Besides the United States, it is found most often in Africa, West Asia, Europe, and the Middle East. In the U.S., the virus has developed into a summertime illness that continues into the fall.A. Through contaminated waterB. By mosquitoesC. By sneezing or coughingD. Through raw or undercooked meat2. Humans aren't the preferred host of the mosquitoes that carry the West Nile virus. What is the usual host?You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is An infected bird is bitten by a mosquito, which picks up the virus and passes it on to another bird. Humans can become infected when a female mosquito carrying the virus bites a person. Crows, jays, and magpies seem most vulnerable to the virus, although other birds can become infected. More than 40 species of mosquito can transmit the virus. The virus cannot be spread through casual contact such as touching or kissing an infected person. Researchers have found that the virus can be passed from one person to another through blood transfusions or organ transplants, and it also can be passed from mother to child through breast milk.A. RaccoonsB. White-tail deerC. SkunksD. Crows and jays3. Which group of people is at higher risk for becoming seriously ill with West Nile virus?You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is Infants and people older than 50, particularly those with weakened immune systems, are at risk for becoming seriously ill from the virus. Certain occupations put a person at higher risk for getting bitten by an infected mosquito. These include farmers, foresters, landscapers, gardeners, painters, roofers, pavers, construction workers, laborers, mechanics, and other outdoor workers.A. InfantsB. TeenagersC. People over 50D. A and C4. Which of these may be a symptom of West Nile virus infection in a healthy person?You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is Up to 20 percent of people infected with the virus will develop some of these symptoms: fever, headache, body aches, nausea, vomiting, swollen lymph nodes, and a skin rash. These symptoms usually develop three to 14 days after a bite by an infected mosquito. Four out of five people infected with the virus will not develop any symptoms at all.A. FeverB. HeadacheC. NauseaD. Skin rashE. All of the above5. Which of these is a serious complication of West Nile virus infection?You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is About one person in 150 will develop severe illness after getting infected by the West Nile virus. This is called West Nile encephalitis or West Nile meningitis, depending on which parts of the central nervous system are affected. A person with either of these illnesses usually must be hospitalized; in some cases, these illnesses can be fatal. Symptoms of these severe illnesses include high fever, headache, neck stiffness, stupor, disorientation, coma, tremors, convulsions, muscle weakness, vision loss, numbness, and paralysis. These symptoms may last several weeks or longer.A. EncephalitisB. MeningitisC. ArthritisD. A and B6. Which of these is a treatment for West Nile virus infection?You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is No drugs currently are available to treat the infection caused by the virus. No vaccines are available to prevent infection. The only way to prevent infection is to avoid getting bitten by a mosquito. Testing is available that can help diagnose the infection in people who have symptoms of viral encephalitis or meningitis.A. AntibioticsB. AntihistaminesC. VitaminsD. None of the above7. Which of these are ways to prevent getting infected with West Nile virus?You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is Wearing long sleeves, long pants, and socks can help prevent mosquito bites, especially when the clothing is sprayed with an insect repellant such as permethrin. Use products that contain DEET on your skin. Avoid staying outdoors at dawn and dusk, when mosquitoes are more likely to bite. If you open your windows during the summer, make sure they have adequate screens. Drain any standing water around your home. This includes water buckets, pool covers, and flower pots.A. Wear long sleeves and long pants when outdoorsB. Stay indoors at dawn and duskC. Use an insect repellant that contains DEETD. All of the aboveYour score was:
Online Source: West Nile Virus, CDChttp://www.cdc.gov/westnile/index.html
Online Source: West Nile Virus, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseaseshttp://www.niaid.nih.gov/topics/westNile/understanding/Pages/diagnosis.aspx
Online Source: West Nile Virus, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseaseshttp://www.niaid.nih.gov/topics/westNile/understanding/Pages/prevention.aspx
Online Source: West Nile Virus, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseaseshttp://www.niaid.nih.gov/topics/westNile/understanding/Pages/symptoms.aspx
Online Source: West Nile Virus, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseaseshttp://www.niaid.nih.gov/topics/westNile/understanding/Pages/transmission.aspx
Online Source: West Nile Virus, National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseaseshttp://www.niaid.nih.gov/topics/westNile/understanding/Pages/what.aspx
Author: Sinovic, Dianna
Online Editor: Sinovic, Dianna
Online Medical Reviewer: newMentor board-certified, academically affiliated clinician
Online Medical Reviewer: Stump-Sutliff, Kim, RN, MSN, AOCNS
Date Last Reviewed: 7/10/2013