Children's Health and Wellness

Take the Scoliosis Quiz

Find out how much you know about scoliosis by taking this quiz, based on information from the National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases.

1. Most idiopathic scoliosis that occurs in children appears before age 10.You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is

Scoliosis can occur before age 10, but it's rare and is generally caused by some condition such as a spinal tumor, congenital heart disease, or a genetic disorder rather than by the idiopathic (unknown cause) form. Scoliosis that appears before adolescence may need an extensive diagnosis and workup. The most common form, idiopathic scoliosis, occurs during puberty and is relatively easy to diagnose; only a small percentage of cases require extensive treatment. Mild idiopathic scoliosis occurs in approximately 3 percent of teens. More severe curvature has a markedly smaller incidence.

A. True B. False 2. In most cases of scoliosis, doctors cannot determine the cause.You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is In 80 to 85 percent of people, the cause of scoliosis is unknown; this is called idiopathic scoliosis.A. True B. False 3. Marfan's syndrome and cerebral palsy are two diseases or conditions that can cause a fixed curve in the spine.You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is Structural scoliosis can be caused by neuromuscular diseases (such as cerebral palsy, poliomyelitis, or muscular dystrophy), birth defects (such as hemivertebra, in which one side of a vertebra fails to form normally before birth), injury, certain infections, tumors (such as those caused by neurofibromatosis, a birth defect sometimes associated with benign tumors on the spinal column), metabolic diseases, connective tissue disorders, rheumatic diseases, or unknown factors (idiopathic scoliosis).A. True B. False 4. Spinal curves greater than 10 degrees require medical treatment.You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is Curves that are greater than 20 degrees require treatment. Treatment may involve anything from close observation to bracing and even surgery, depending on the age of the patient and the location of the curve. The decision for bracing or surgery are best made by an orthopedic surgeon familiar with scoliosis and in conjunction with the parents and the adolescent.A. True B. False 5. The larger the curve in the spine, the more likely it will be to get worse.You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is This depends, however, on how much growth remains for the child.A. True B. False 6. Scoliosis patients with at least two years of growth remaining, and with a spinal curve of 20 to 29 degrees, will probably need to wear a brace.You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is Other criteria for a brace include a child who is still growing and has a curve of more than 25 to 30 degrees; and a child who is still growing and has a curve of 20 to 29 degrees that's getting worse.A. True B. False 7. Chiropractic manipulation is an effective alternative to bracing.You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is Chiropractic manipulation, electric stimulation, nutritional supplements, and exercise have not been shown to be effective in stopping the progression of scoliosis.A. True B. False 8. People with scoliosis should avoid exercise.You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is Exercise does not make scoliosis worse. In fact, it is important for all people, including those with scoliosis, to exercise and remain physically fit. Girls have a higher risk than boys of developing osteoporosis (a disorder that results in weak bones that can break easily) later in life. The risk of osteoporosis is reduced in women who exercise regularly all their lives; and weight-bearing exercise, such as walking, running, soccer, and gymnastics, increases bone density and helps prevent osteoporosis. For both boys and girls, exercising and participating in sports also improves their general sense of well-being.A. True B. False 9. Fusion is one way to surgically treat scoliosis.You didn't answer this question.You answered The correct answer is Fusion is the joining of two or more vertebrae. Surgeons can choose different ways to straighten the spine and also different implants to keep the spine stable after surgery. (Implants are devices that remain in the patient after surgery to keep the spine aligned.)A. True B. False Your score was:
Online Source: American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeonshttp://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00353
Online Source: Scoliosis: FAQs, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeonshttp://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00626
Online Source: National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseaseshttp://www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info/Scoliosis/default.asp
Author: Sinovic, Dianna
Online Editor: Sinovic, Dianna
Online Medical Reviewer: Berry, Judith, PhD, APRN
Online Medical Reviewer: MMI board-certified, academically affiliated clinician
Date Last Reviewed: 10/9/2013