What is a Tracheostomy?
A tracheostomy is an incision that is made through the neck into the airway or windpipe (trachea). The hole is called a stoma. A tracheostomy tube is a curved tube that is placed into the stoma to keep the stoma open, making it easier to care for. It sometimes connects to a ventilator. Many people use the word trach when they talk about a trach tube.
A tracheostomy is not done often. Less than one percent of all children who are admitted to a hospital will need a tracheostomy. Most trach tubes are placed in the first year of life for long term ventilation or because of a very narrow airway. Older children may need a trach tube for upper airway obstruction or for ventilation related to muscular dystrophy. Teens most often need a tracheostomy after a traumatic event such as a car accident.
Research shows that hospitals with the most experience caring for pediatric trach patients do it best. The rate of death in children's hospitals was half that of patients who had trachs placed in non-children's facilities.
Phoenix Children's Hospital's special Trach and Airway Program is the only one in Arizona.
To download the Phoenix Children's Hospital Airway Floor Fact Sheet, click here.
Airway with Tracheostomy - English | Spanish
Airways - English | Spanish
Breathing and Speech with a Tracheostomy - English | Spanish
CPR for a Child with a Tracheostomy: 1 year to 8 years of age - English | Spanish
CPR for a Person Over 70 Pounds with a Tracheostomy - English | Spanish
CPR for an Infant with a Tracheostomy under 1 year old - English | Spanish
Emergency Information for the Child with a Tracheostomy - English | Spanish
Home Care of Your Child's T-Tube - English | Spanish
How to Care for a Tracheostomy Stoma - English | Spanish
How to Change a Tracheostomy Tube - English | Spanish
How to Clean a Nebulizer - English | Spanish
How to Clean Trach Tubes, Suction Catheters, and Breathing Machines - English
How to Collect a Trach Culture - English | Spanish
How to Help Your Child with a Trach - English | Spanish
How to Make Sterile Water and Sterile Saline - English | Spanish
How to Suction Your Child's Tracheostomy - English | Spanish
How to Travel with a Tracheostomy - English | Spanish
How to Use a DeLee Suction Trap - English | Spanish
Mucus and Your Child's Tracheostomy - English | Spanish
Nesting With a Tracheostomy - English | Spanish
Places to Go for Help - English | Spanish
Safety Tips for a Tracheostomy - English | Spanish
Sign Language Resources - English
Tracheostomy Speaking Valve - English | Spanish
Using Oxygen at Home - English | Spanish
Visit these websites for more information:
Aaron's Page - www.tracheostomy.com
Muscular Dystrophy Association - www.mda.org