This article aimes to determine relationships between preschool-aged child sleep problems and child behavior; health-related quality of life; verbal, preliteracy, and early numeracy skills; diagnosis of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder; and injury.
This article discusses Bruxism, the medical term for teeth grinding and its relationship to sleep problems. Surprisingly, teeth grinding is common in children. Children and adolescents can grind their teeth in any stage of sleep but are more likely to do it during the first half of the night, when non-REM sleep is more common. However, some individuals only grind their teeth during REM sleep (dreaming sleep), which mostly occurs in the second half of the night.
Delayed sleep phase syndrome (DSPS) is a disorder in which the person’s sleep–wake cycle (internal clock) is delayed by 2 or more hours. This article discusses the occurance of DSPS in adolescents.
Headbanging and bodyrocking are officially called rhythmic movement disorders. Rhythmic movement disorder usually involves some type of rocking, rolling, or headbanging. Oddly, children find this a soothing way to fall asleep.
Insomnia refers to difficulties with falling asleep or staying asleep, including the problem of waking too early in the morning. It is one of the most common sleep complaints made by adults, but is much less prevalent in children and adolescents. Insomnia can be a short-term problem, usually related to a stressful event, or it can be long-term and chronic.
Narcolepsy is a chronic neurologic disorder that is characterized by a permanent and overwhelming feeling of sleepiness. Narcolepsy affects more than 1 in 2,000 Americans, and most cases go undiagnosed and untreated. Although it is a relatively uncommon condition, its impact on a child’s life can be dramatic.
Nightmares are scary dreams that can wake a child leaving her upset and in need of comfort. They are very common in children. It is rare to find someone who has never experienced a nightmare. After a nightmare, most children are afraid to go back to sleep and often do not want to be left alone.
Sleep disturbances in children with neurodevelopmental disabilities are common and have a profound effect on the quality of life of the child, as well as the entire family. This first comprehensive, multidisciplinary review of sleep hygiene for children with disabilities presents the rationale for incorporating these measures in their treatment, outlines both general and specific sleep-promotion practices, and discusses problem-solving strategies for implementing them in a variety of clinical practice settings.
Sleep disorders among children can be classified as dyssomnias, parasomnias, and disruptions secondary to other conditions. This is a review article discussing these conditions.
The following are sleep handouts found in:
Mindell, JA & Owens, JA (2003) A Clinical Guide to Pediatric Sleep: Diagnosis and Management of Sleep Problems. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
This is a questionnaire to help understand sleeping patterns and problems as reported by children.