What is it? Insulin resistance is when the body is not able to respond to insulin like normal. It is "resistant" to insulin. For most people, the pancreas increase insulin production and the body compensates for the resistance. Despite the resistance, blood sugar levels may appear normal. However, over time, the pancreas may not be able to keep up with the amount of insulin needed to overcome the resistance, and the body will be unable to maintain normal blood sugar levels.
What causes it? Diet, exercise and genetics can all play a role in the development and severity of insulin resistance.
How is it treated? Treatment options include changes to diet, increased exercise, and prescription medications in more severe cases.
What if it is not treated? If left untreated, insulin resistance may lead to Type 2 diabetes.
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