Medical Specialties



Hypoglycemia in children happens when a child's blood glucose level drops too low, which may cause a child to pass out or have a seizure if not counteracted by sugar.

Causes of Hypoglycemia

  • Delaying a meal
  • Exercising more than usual
  • Missing a meal
  • Taking too much diabetes medicine

Symptoms of Hypoglycemia

  • Confusion
  • Feeling tired
  • Headache
  • Hunger
  • Irritability
  • Shakiness
  • Sweating
  • Weakness

Diabetic children younger than six or seven years of age often may lack the cognitive capacity to recognize hypoglycemic symptoms.

Treatment of Hypoglycemia

Treatment of hypoglycemia in children should be treated right away with sugar in the form of juice, glucose tablets, honey, or non-diet soda.

Diabetic children should always carry food and/or juice for emergencies, as well as a glucagon kit.

Hypoglycemic children should also wear a medical identification bracelet or necklace.

What is Glucagon?

Glucagon is given as an injection with a syringe and quickly raises blood glucose.


What is Hyperglycemia?

Hyperglycemia in children, or high blood glucose, is an indication that a child doesn't have enough insulin in his or her body.

Over time, hyperglycemia in children can cause damage to the eyes, kidneys, nerves, blood vessels, gums and teeth.

Because illness can cause unusually high blood glucose levels, sick-day management rules must be established for children with type 1 diabetes.

Learn More About Managing Children's Diabetes

Contact Phoenix Children's Hospital to learn more about causes, symptoms and treatments of hypoglycemia in children with diabetes: 602-933-0935



If you need a prescription refill, please contact your pharmacy and have them fax or electronically communicate with us. This is the best way to ensure prescription refill accuracy. If this is unsuccessful, please email us as noted above; call if immediate assistance is needed. 

If you have a clinical question, please see the documents you received at your last clinic visit with us for contact and other information, or try the phone or email address above. Of note, we cannot answer any clinical questions for patients who are not a part of our practice already.

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