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Pediatric Endocrine Conditions We Treat

Care dedicated to your child

The endocrinology team at Phoenix Children Hospital has experience diagnosing, treating and managing a wide range of pediatric endocrine disorders.

Adrenal insufficiency

This disorder occurs when the adrenal glands don’t make enough hormones, including cortisol (often called stress hormones). Adrenal insufficiency is most commonly separated by primary, secondary and tertiary adrenal insufficiency. Addison disease is a primary insufficiency that occurs when not enough cortisol and aldosterone are made.

Bone disorders

We treat conditions with weak, fragile, or unusual bones, such as osteogenesis imperfecta, along with conditions in which the bones become weak related to medication or nutritional issues. Sometimes we use bisphosphonates, a class of bone strengthening drugs, in these conditions. View Biphosphonate Handout.

Congenital adrenal hyperplasia

Typically found during a newborn screening test, this condition occurs when the adrenal gland doesn’t make enough cortisol hormone.

Cystic fibrosis-related diabetes (CFRD)

The thick, sticky mucus that is characteristic of cystic fibrosis can cause scarring on the pancreas, which can make it difficult for the pancreas to make enough insulin. CFRD can also cause individuals with cystic fibrosis to become insulin resistant – which means the body is not responding to insulin the right way.

Delayed puberty

When a child’s physical signs of sexual maturity don’t appear by age 12 in girls and age 14 in boys, the child may have delayed puberty.

Diabetes insipidus in children

Diabetes insipidus is caused when there is not enough antidiuretic hormone (ADH) in the body.

Diabetes mellitus type 1

More commonly known as type 1 diabetes, this autoimmune disorder keeps the body from making enough insulin. Type 1 diabetes can start at any age.

Diabetes mellitus type 2

Better known as type 2 diabetes, this metabolic disorder interferes with the body’s ability to make enough insulin and use insulin properly. Certain child may be at higher risk of developing type 2 diabetes, including those with a family history, who are overweight or obese, and who don’t exercise regularly.

Disorders of sex development

There are many different types of sex development disorders, including atypical genitalia and pseudohermaphroditism, among others.

Gender dysphoria

Some children experience feelings of discomfort or distress that their gender identity differs from their sex assigned at birth. Our Gender Support Program offers resources, support, and services to help children and their families on their journey through gender identity development.

Growth hormone deficiency

A growth hormone deficiency can occur when the pituitary gland doesn’t make enough growth hormone. A brief intro to the GH Auth process.

Growth problems in children

Short stature or above average height can be cause by a growth disorder. Our team will identify the cause of your child’s growth problem and work together to create a treatment plan.

High blood pressure

High blood pressure in children is often caused by other health conditions. Our team works closely with other specialists and experts to tailor a plan that’s right for your child – one that helps them improve their health and reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease.


This thyroid disorder is typically caused by Graves disease. It occurs when the thyroid gland sends out too much thyroid hormone to the body.


Hypoglycemia refers to low blood sugar. It can create many symptoms and can be a condition on its own or a complication of diabetes.


Hypothyroidism occurs when the thyroid doesn’t send out enough hormone to the body. It can be present at birth or developed during childhood, adolescence and even adulthood. This type of hypothyroidism, called acquired hypothyroidism, is the most common. Women may also develop it during pregnancy.

Insulin resistance

When the body doesn’t respond to insulin like it should, glucose builds up in the blood. Left untreated, it can lead to type 2 diabetes.

Lipid disorders

Our pediatric endocrinologists treat a wide range of lipid disorders, including hyperlipidemia (more commonly known as high cholesterol) and dyslipidemia, a condition marked by abnormal lipid levels. We tailor treatment plans and education to your child.

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease

Fat in the liver can lead to permanent damage to the liver. There is no cure for fatty liver disease. Instead, your child’s provider will address the cause of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, which may be obesity, type 2 diabetes or high cholesterol.

Obstructive sleep apnea

Obstructive sleep apnea is a sleep disorder that keeps a child from getting the sleep they need. This lack of sleep can lead to behavioral problems.

Precocious puberty

When a girl reaches sexual maturity before age 8 or a boy reaches it before age 9, they may have precocious puberty.

Steroid-related diabetes

Prolonged corticosteroids use can lead to diabetes. Steroid use is closely monitored and managed by physicians. Diabetes that does develop from steroid use is called steroid diabetes.

Thyroid cancer

While still relatively rare, thyroid cancer rates among children have been growing. We work closely with children, families, and oncologists to treat and manage side effects of thyroid cancer, including thyroid removal.

Thyroid nodules

Most thyroid nodules found in children are benign (noncancerous). Our team will work closely with your child and you during biopsy, diagnosis and treatment.

Transplant-related diabetes

After a transplant, your child will be closely monitored by the medical team for many different conditions, including diabetes. Transplant-related diabetes (sometimes called post-transplant diabetes or new-onset diabetes) can occur as a side effect of antirejection medicine.

Pediatric Endocrine Care in Phoenix

When you want answers for your child’s endocrine disorder, we’re here to help. Contact us today, and we’ll get to work so that your child can get back to what matters most.

Contact Us

602-933-2471 (fax)


Referral Guidelines
602-933-2436 (referral fax)

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