Birth Defects

Birth Defects

In a birth defect, a newborn has an abnormal body part or body chemistry. The defect may cause a physical disability, mental disability, or death. Birth defects have many causes.

This section includes information about:

  • congenital hand and foot anomalies
  • fetal hydantoin syndrome
  • hypospadias
  • prune-belly syndrome
  • teratogenesis
  • tongue tie

Spina bifida and craniofacial disorders such as cleft lip or cleft palate are not included in this section.

See: Spina Bifida and Craniofacial Disorders.

Visit these websites for more information:

Birth Defects - U.S. National Library of Medicine and the National Institutes of Health

I.B.I.S. - International Birth Defects Information Systems

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